Over the past few years core stability training has exploded and became its own entity entirely. Many discussions are now held regarding the importance of core stability. Due to this I am going to construct a series of weekly articles reflecting my opinion on the ‘core’ and how best to begin its rehabilitation.
In this article I am going to discuss:
- What is stability and the core?
- Why is this important to you?
- Future article topics
What is Stability?
Stability within the human body is the ability to hold the spine in a neutral position whilst the limbs are moving.
What is the core?
The core of the human body is situated between the ribcage and the pelvis.
Imagine the core like a ships mast. In order for the mast (spine) to stand it must be held in place by guy ropes. In order for the mast to be supported in all directions, it must be supported in all directions as can be seen on the picture below.
Each muscle in the core resists the action of its opposite muscle to help hold the mast (spine) vertically. If any of the muscles in the core are weak or tight, the mast will become un-level and unstable. This results in dysfunction and pain.
Along with these guy wires the mast (spine) is also support by a base. In the body this base is the pelvis. The function of the pelvis is to transfer force from the lower limbs to the trunk and to provide stability for the body. If this base is un-level or unstable there is no possibility of the mast (spine) being stable.
A large component of pelvic stability is controlled by the gluteal muscles (muscles of the buttocks) and this is why they are so important in core stability and why they are often the start of a core stability program.
A strong core helps not only to decrease lingering pain following an injury but also plays a huge role in the prevention of future injuries.
Building a strong core is not only for patients with lower back pains, it is also an essential component in many shoulder, hip knee and ankle complaints.
In the next article I will begin to discuss how to begin core rehabilitation and start to evaluate the individual muscles within the core and how they function as a unit.
If you have any questions about this article or would like individual advice I would be more than happy to help.